Essay Writing For Civil Services In India

Civil Services - Essay Contest (2018)

Showcase your ideas on public policy and current affairs by entering our essay writing competition. Every month, students can choose any one topic and send their essays. The selected essays will be published on our website with the name of the author. The best essays on each topic will be ranked and the winner will be getting the free subscription of E magazine for six months. We hope more and more of students will participate in the Essay contest, which is usually based on topics of current affairs topics. One should remember that these topics will be useful not only for the IAS exams but also for other competitive exams.

Candidates should send their essay to concerninfo2012@gmail.com.

What are the rules of Essay contest ?

  1. The essay should be sent in the word format with 14 font size. It should carry the name of the author and its e mail ID. Any other format of submission is not acceptable.
  2. The essay should contain a declaration saying that its original content of the author and is not copied from anywhere.
  3. If the essay is found to be copied it will be rejected and senders ID will be blocked.
  4. Civil Service India reserves the Copyright of the essays; however in case of copyright infringement (copied matter) Civil Service India is not liable for it.
  5. Civil Service India reserves the right to edit the essay for clarity of language, grammar and space.
  6. One person can send only one essay for one topic It's advised to go through the essay carefully before sending it once and finally.
  7. The Essay must be between 500 and 800 words. An ideal essay should be of 650 words.
  8. Please send your entries much before the Deadline to concerninfo2012@gmail.com.

Essay Topics: March- 2018 ( Last Date: March 31 )

  1. What is the cause for decrease in the forest cover in India?
  2. Is Saudi Arabia modernising with the recent reforms ?
  3. Does Karnataka really need its own flag ?
  4. 42 Indian Languages and dialect stare at extinction - Comment

Essay Topics: February - 2018

  1. What are the Pros and cons of solar energy ? -Zujamo Ngullie
  2. What are the Pros and cons of solar energy ? -Jnandeep Bora
  3. What are the Pros and cons of solar energy ? -Kanika Varma(Winner)

  1. How can India become self sufficient in Defence Sector? -Ritesh Kumar(Winner)
  2. How can India become self sufficient in Defence Sector? -Satarupa Mukherjee

  1. Has the Budget 2018 lost its excitement, with the introduction of GST ? -B.L.Prasad

Essay Topics: January - 2018

  1. What are the positive and negative impacts of GST ? -Aayushi Shukla
  2. What are the positive and negative impacts of GST ? -Akriti Singh
  3. What are the positive and negative impacts of GST -B V Krishna Reddy(Winner)
  4. What are the positive and negative impacts of GST -Laxmi Prasad

  1. Why India is not developed as a great scientific power ? -B.Dwarakanada Reddy
  2. Why India is not developed as a great scientific power ? -Nitin Thakur
  3. Why India is not developed as a great scientific power ? -Ritesh Kumar(Winner)

  1. India a loser in most of the sports apart from cricket ? -Rohini Singh(Winner)

  1. Do privacy issues outweigh the important benefits of Aadhaar Card ? -Karthiayani Nair

Essay Topics: December - 2017
  1. How the goal of energy security can be achieved in India? -Akriti Singh
  2. How the goal of energy security can be achieved in India? -Sudhakaran K(Winner)

  1. What growing Hindu Religious chauvinism means to Indian nation? -Jnandeep Bora(Winner)
  2. What growing Hindu Religious chauvinism means to Indian nation? -Ruchi Singh

  1. Will the new economic measures take the Indian economy in right direction? -B Dwarakanadha Reddy(Winner)
  2. Will the new economic measures take the Indian economy in right direction? -Laxmi Prasad
  3. Will the new economic measures take the Indian economy in right direction? -Megha Mukherjee

Essay Topics: November - 2017

  1. What is behind India's 30 step jump in ease of doing business- What does it means to Indians? -B.Dwarakanadha Reddy
  2. hat is behind India's 30 step jump in ease of doing business- What does it means to Indians? -Abhilash Kumar
  3. What is behind India's 30 step jump in ease of doing business- What does it means to Indians? -Anji Naik Mudavath (Winner)

  1. Can India can become Open Defecation free by 2019, if so how? -Akriti Singh
  2. Can India can become Open Defecation free by 2019, if so how? -Abhilash Kumar
  3. Can India can become Open Defecation free by 2019, if so how? -Muruga Nagaraj
  4. Can India can become Open Defecation free by 2019, if so how? -AkashKumar(Winner)

  1. Has demonetization and goods and service tax brought financial reform in the country? -B.V.Krishna Reddy(Winner)

  1. How much Ethics and Integrity play a role in the conduct of Public servants in India? -Atrayee Banerjee
  2. How much Ethics and Integrity play a role in the conduct of Public servants in India? -Jnandeep Bora
  3. How much Ethics and Integrity play a role in the conduct of Public servants in India? -Anupama Guha(Winner)

Essay Topics: October - 2017

  1. Should India accept Rohingya refugees -Aditi Subhash Dhale
  2. Should India accept Rohingya refugees -Rohit Singh Raghuvanshi(Winner)
  3. Should India accept Rohingya refugees -AnjiNaikMudavath
  4. Should India accept Rohingya refugees -Akriti Singh
  5. Should India accept Rohingya refugees -Wish rajput
  6. Should India accept Rohingya refugees -Satarupa Mukherjee
  7. Should India accept Rohingya refugees -Jyoti Solanki

  1. India GDP growth rate slumps to 5.7 per cent - Comment -B.Dwarakandha Reddy
  2. India GDP growth rate slumps to 5.7 per cent - Comment -Sebin Thomas(Winner)

  1. Why agriculture is important to the country's economy ?(Winner) -Atrayee Banerjee

Essay Topics: September - 2017

  1. Demonitazation - What were the gains and the loses. -NeerNandeha
  2. Demonitazation - What were the gains and the loses. -Suman Singh
  3. Demonitazation - What were the gains and the loses. -Akriti Singh
  4. Demonitazation - What were the gains and the loses. -Susmita Sarkar(Winner)

  1. Why people trust ‘Godmen’ in India ? -NeerNandeha (Winner)
  2. Why people trust ‘Godmen’ in India ? -Anupama Guha

  1. Religion divides Faith unites -Amish khan (Winner)

Essay Topics: August - 2017

  1. Which is better; corrupt but secular political parties or corruption less but communal political parties- Comment. -Jnandeep Bora (Winner)
  2. Which is better; corrupt but secular political parties or corruption less but communal political parties- Comment. -Akriti Singh
  3. Which is better; corrupt but secular political parties or corruption less but communal political parties- Comment. -Shailendra Chauhan

  1. How to save Indian from flood's furry and loss of life and property- Comment. -NEEL KAGATHARA
  2. How to save Indian from flood's furry and loss of life and property- Comment. -Rishabh Srivastava (Winner)
  3. How to save Indian from flood's furry and loss of life and property- Comment. -Krishna Prajna Rao

  1. Reasons drugs problem among youth in Punjab and Telngana, suggest remedies- Comment. -R. Malavika

Essay Topics: July - 2017

  1. What is happiness and what are the ways and means to achieve happiness -Shiv Parsad Gupta
  2. What is happiness and what are the ways and means to achieve happiness -Jnandeep Bora(Winner)
  3. What is happiness and what are the ways and means to achieve happiness -Akriti Singh
  4. What is happiness and what are the ways and means to achieve happiness -Preksha Agarwal
  5. What is happiness and what are the ways and means to achieve happiness -Satarupa Mukherjee
  6. What is happiness and what are the ways and means to achieve happiness -Nilanjan Biswas

  1. Government alone will benifit from the GST or traders and consumers also- Discuss -Abraham Johnson Anchaniyil(Winner)
  2. Government alone will benifit from the GST or traders and consumers also- Discuss -Bharath Prasath

  1. India- China border tension - Is it a sign of a war? -AnushaKolli
  2. India- China border tension - Is it a sign of a war? -Krishna PrajnaRao
  3. India- China border tension - Is it a sign of a war? -R. Malavika (Winner)

Essay Topics: June - 2017

  1. What are the implications of Cattle trade legislation? -Rishabh Srivastava
  2. What are the implications of Cattle trade legislation? -Deedhiti Das(Winner)

  1. How to tackle farmer's suicide issue? -AnushaKolli
  2. How to tackle farmer's suicide issue? -Niweditaranjan
  3. How to tackle farmer's suicide issue? -Neha P Asrani
  4. How to tackle farmer's suicide issue? -Rishabh Srivastava(Winner)
  5. How to tackle farmer's suicide issue? -R.Malavika
  6. How to tackle farmer's suicide issue? -Parvathy Chandrasekhar
  7. How to tackle farmer's suicide issue? -Adithya.S.Anand
  8. How to tackle farmer's suicide issue? -Anita Yesale
  9. How to tackle farmer's suicide issue? - Aayushi Shukla
  10. How to tackle farmer's suicide issue? - Satarupa Mukherjee

  1. China's One Belt One Road Policy- how it may harm India? -AkankshaSengupta
  2. China's One Belt One Road Policy- how it may harm India? -R. Malavika
  3. China's One Belt One Road Policy- how it may harm India? -Aayushi Shukla
  4. China's One Belt One Road Policy- how it may harm India? -P.Galaxy Roy
  5. China's One Belt One Road Policy- how it may harm India? -Bhavya Srivastava(Winner)
  6. China's One Belt One Road Policy- how it may harm India? -Dibyendu Mondal

Essay Topics: May - 2017

  1. Triple talaq - is doing away with it really going to empower Muslim women or is maintenance the bigger issue? -Sanyog Varshney
  2. Triple talaq - is doing away with it really going to empower Muslim women or is maintenance the bigger issue? -Laxmi Prasad (Winner)
  3. Triple talaq - is doing away with it really going to empower Muslim women or is maintenance the bigger issue? -Ayonija Tripathi
  4. Triple talaq - is doing away with it really going to empower Muslim women or is maintenance the bigger issue? -Bharti Garg

  1. Suggest improvements in our education system -Jnandeep Bora
  2. Suggest improvements in our education system -Lipun Das
  3. Suggest improvements in our education system -Mrinal Malakar
  4. Suggest improvements in our education system -Dr B.R Prasad (Winner)
  5. Suggest improvements in our education system -Abraham Johnson Anchaniyil
  6. Suggest improvements in our education system -Monalisa Poali
  7. Suggest improvements in our education system -Divya Prasad
  8. Suggest improvements in our education system -Saurabh Sen
  9. Suggest improvements in our education system -Neha P Asrani

Essay Topics: April - 2017

  1. Religious Nationalism has established its supremacy in India after UP election-Agree or Disagree -Nitisha Bora
  2. Religious Nationalism has established its supremacy in India after UP election-Agree or Disagree -Sanyog Varshney
  3. Religious Nationalism has established its supremacy in India after UP election-Agree or Disagree -R. Malavika
  4. Religious Nationalism has established its supremacy in India after UP election-Agree or Disagree -Sandeep Kumar
  5. Religious Nationalism has established its supremacy in India after UP election-Agree or Disagree -A. Rama Sankar(Winner)

  1. Relevance of Nehruvian Secularism in the country -Dilshad PT (Winner)
  2. Relevance of Nehruvian Secularism in the country -Neha P Asrani

  1. Necessity of censorship in the age of internet- Comment -Satarupa Mukherjee (Winner)
  2. Necessity of censorship in the age of internet- Comment -G Saugat
  3. Necessity of censorship in the age of internet- Comment -SaurabhSen
  4. Necessity of censorship in the age of internet- Comment -Bhavya srivastava
  5. Necessity of censorship in the age of internet- Comment -Bharti garg

  1. How to check the decline of ethics and morality in our society and politics -Divya Prasad

Essay Topics: March - 2017

  1. ISRO achievements are many, enumerate them in some detail -Sanyog Varshney (Winner)
  2. ISRO achievements are many, enumerate them in some detail -Neha P Asrani
  3. ISRO achievements are many, enumerate them in some detail -Dipti Sinha

  1. View your Preferences -Social Media or Conventional Media -Linga siva.P
  2. View your Preferences -Social Media or Conventional Media -Chelladurai.P
  3. View your Preferences -Social Media or Conventional Media -Satarupa Mukherjee (Winner)
  4. View your Preferences -Social Media or Conventional Media -Govarthanan K
  5. View your Preferences -Social Media or Conventional Media -A. Rama Sankar

Essay Topics: February - 2017

  1. Budget 2017 - How it will shape India's economy - Comment - P.ANNA LAKSHMI
  2. Budget 2017 - How it will shape India's economy - Comment - Rohan Sengupta
  3. Budget 2017 - How it will shape India's economy - Comment - Neha P Asrani
  4. Budget 2017 - How it will shape India's economy - Comment - Nitisha Bora (Winner)

  1. Jallikatu Protest in Chennai- In Retrospect and Prospects - Chelladurai. P
  2. Jallikatu Protest in Chennai- In Retrospect and Prospects - Anusha Kolli (Winner)
  3. Jallikatu Protest in Chennai- In Retrospect and Prospects - Sanyog varshney
  4. Jallikatu Protest in Chennai- In Retrospect and Prospects - Lavanya sree
  5. Jallikatu Protest in Chennai- In Retrospect and Prospects - BHARTI GARG
  6. Jallikatu Protest in Chennai- In Retrospect and Prospects - TRISIDDHA NATH

  1. Is Mahatma Gandhi still inspires today's youth - Namrata Rai
  2. Is Mahatma Gandhi still inspires today's youth - SHUBHAM R BAJAJ (Winner)
  3. Is Mahatma Gandhi still inspires today's youth - Satyasmita Pandey
  4. Is Mahatma Gandhi still inspires today's youth - SARAVANA KUMAR S

  1. Movie Padmavati Controversy - A case of Hurting the Sentiments VS Freedom of Expression - Sanyog varshney (Winner)

Essay Topics: January - 2017

  1. After demonetization what next steps should be taken to clean up the system? - SAI JIJNASA ROY
  2. After demonetization what next steps should be taken to clean up the system? - Aditya Kumar Rai
  3. After demonetization what next steps should be taken to clean up the system? - Satyasmita Pandey (Winner)
  4. After demonetization what next steps should be taken to clean up the system? -Neha P Asrani

  1. merits and demerits of cashless economy - K.P. Nagasaritha
  2. merit and demerit of cashless economy - Sanyog varshney
  3. merit-and-Demerit-of-cashless-economy - Arkadyuti
  4. merit-and-Demerit-of-cashless-economy - ABHISEKH SAHU (Winner)
  5. merit-and-Demerit-of-cashless-economy - WAQAR MEHDI
  6. merit-and-Demerit-of-cashless-economy - Mishkil.A.Gaikwad
  7. merit-and-Demerit-of-cashless-economy -santosh kamble
  8. merit-and-Demerit-of-cashless-economy -Nitisha Bora

  1. Jayalalitha's legacies what it means to the country -Chelladurai.P (Winner)

  1. has-independence-of-RBI-compromised-due-to-demonetization - Durai. P (Winner)

Essay Topics: December - 2016

  1. Enumerate the political social and economic impact of demonetization on India - Ritesh Kumar
  2. Enumerate the political social and economic impact of demonetization on India - Aman Tiwari
  3. Enumerate the political social and economic impact of demonetization on India - Chella Palaniappan
  4. Enumerate the political social and economic impact of demonetization on India - Drisha Sobhakar (Winner)
  5. Enumerate the political social and economic impact of demonetization on India - Sanyog Varshney
  6. Enumerate the political social and economic impact of demonetization on India -PRATIBHA LOHIYA
  7. Enumerate the political social and economic impact of demonetization on India -JNANDEEP BORA.

  1. Advantages and Disadvantages of Demonetization policy - Chelladurai. P
  2. Advantages and Disadvantages of Demonetization policy - SHREYA ANURAKTI
  3. Advantages and Disadvantages of Demonetization policy - Karthik Goud
  4. Advantages and Disadvantages of Demonetization policy - Mani Kant Jha
  5. Advantages and Disadvantages of Demonetization policy - PARVIN MOR
  6. Advantages and Disadvantages of Demonetization policy - Neha P Asrani
  7. Advantages and Disadvantages of Demonetization policy - Sakshi Sharma
  8. Advantages and Disadvantages of Demonetization policy - Ritwik Mehta
  9. Advantages and Disadvantages of Demonetization policy - Ridhima Chhabra
  10. Advantages and Disadvantages of Demonetization policy - Richa Padhi(Winner)
  11. Advantages and Disadvantages of Demonetization policy - Anusha Kolli

  1. Accident free trains or bullet trains in India - Discuss - Shailendra Chauhan
  2. Accident free trains or bullet trains in India - Discuss - Bharti Garg(Winner)
  3. Accident free trains or bullet trains in India - Discuss - Raghuram Bachu
  4. Accident free trains or bullet trains in India - Discuss - Vindhya Vasini

  1. What does the victory of Donald Trump in USA means to India - K.P. Nagasaritha
  2. What does the victory of Donald Trump in USA means to India - Durai
  3. What does the victory of Donald Trump in USA means to India - Montai Basu
  4. What does the victory of Donald Trump in USA means to India - Satyasmita Pandey(Winner)
  5. What does the victory of Donald Trump in USA means to India - Ritesh
  6. What does the victory of Donald Trump in USA means to India - Akshay Kumar .P

Essay Topics: November - 2016

  1. Among all the multilateral organizations of which India is member, which one serves India's interest more - Sanyog Varshney
  2. Among all the multilateral organizations of which India is member, which one serves India's interest more - Anusha Kolli (Winner)

  1. Will SAARC ever live to its ideal or it will remain a flogging horse - Caren Felicia (Winner)
  2. Will SAARC ever live to its ideal or it will remain a flogging horse - Satarupa Mukherjee
  3. Will SAARC ever live to its ideal or it will remain a flogging horse - Twinkle

  1. Does BIMSTEC as multilateral organization has any future - Montai Basu
  2. Does BIMSTEC as multilateral organization has any future - P.Likhitha (Winner)

  1. Describe the relevance of BRICS and its future - Aditi Subhash Dhale
  2. Describe the relevance of BRICS and its future - Mani Kant Jha
  3. Describe the relevance of BRICS and its future - REKHA G
  4. Describe the relevance of BRICS and its future - Gautam Govinda (Winner)

Essay Topics: October - 2016

  1. Cauvery dispute and its solutions - R.Karthika
  2. Cauvery dispute and its solutions - Rohit Singh Raghuvanshi
  3. Cauvery dispute and its solutions - Suman Sourav Jena
  4. Cauvery dispute and its solutions - K.P.Nagasaritha
  5. Cauvery dispute and its solutions - Aswathi P
  6. Cauvery dispute and its solutions - Mani Kant Jha (Winner)
  7. Cauvery dispute and its solutions - Ch. Phaneendra
  8. Cauvery dispute and its solutions - Neda Fatima
  9. Cauvery dispute and its solutions - Ashima Mittal

  1. Gram Uday Se Bharat Uday Abhiyan - K.P.Nagasaritha
  2. Gram Uday Se Bharat Uday Abhiyan - Radhika Satheesan (Winner)

  1. Religious Liberty and Women Rights - ABRAHAM JOHNSON ANCHANIYIL
  2. Religious Liberty and Women Rights - Bharti Garg (Winner)
  3. Religious Liberty and Women Rights - Siddharth Sharma
  4. Religious Liberty and Women Rights - Vikrant Mahajan

  1. Cooperative federalism in India - Aswathi P
  2. Cooperative federalism in India - ANKUSH SHARMA
  3. Cooperative federalism in India - Santosh Kamble (Winner)

Essay Topics: September - 2016

  1. With greater power comes greater responsibility. - Neha Goyal
  2. With greater power comes greater responsibility. - Mani Kant Jha
  3. With greater power comes greater responsibility. - Twinkle (Winner)
  4. With greater power comes greater responsibility. - Dipanjan Dutta
  5. With greater power comes greater responsibility. - Suman Saurav Jena
  6. With greater power comes greater responsibility. - ANKUSH SHARMA
  7. With greater power comes greater responsibility. - K.P. Nagasaritha
  8. With greater power comes greater responsibility. - Amit Sharma
  9. With greater power comes greater responsibility. - Sumita Sharma

  1. Is the growing level of competition good for the youth? - N Neethipathy
  2. Is the growing level of competition good for the youth? - Santosh Kamble
  3. Is the growing level of competition good for the youth? - Satarupa Mukherjee
  4. Is the growing level of competition good for the youth? - Abhishek R Singh
  5. Is the growing level of competition good for the youth? - ATHIRA.B.ANIL
  6. Is the growing level of competition good for the youth? - DEBADRI SOM (Winner)
  7. Is the growing level of competition good for the youth? - Harmandeep Kaur
  8. Is the growing level of competition good for the youth? - JNANDEEP BORA
  9. Is the growing level of competition good for the youth? - Rahul Mishra
  10. Is the growing level of competition good for the youth? - Jayant Joshi
  11. Is the growing level of competition good for the youth? - Urvashi Chauhan

  1. Are the standardized tests good measure of academic ability or progress? - RUTUJA D. RATHOD
  2. Are the standardized tests good measure of academic ability or progress? - Neha P Asrani (Winner)

  1. Words are Sharper than the two-edged sword - Vindhya Vasini
  2. Words are Sharper than the two-edged sword - Aswathi P (Winner)
  3. Words are Sharper than the two-edged sword - Neda Fatima

Essay Topics: August - 2016

  1. Lending Hands to someone is better than giving a dole - Niharika Gogoi
  2. Lending Hands to someone is better than giving a dole - Supraja Kannan
  3. Lending Hands to someone is better than giving a dole - Ekta Misra
  4. Lending Hands to someone is better than giving a dole - Caroline Christy.T
  5. Lending Hands to someone is better than giving a dole - Neha P Asrani
  6. Lending Hands to someone is better than giving a dole - Paramita Mazumdar
  7. Lending Hands to someone is better than giving a dole - S.PRASATH (Winner)

  1. Quick but steady wins the race. - MOHIT KUMAR
  2. Quick but steady wins the race. - POOJA GUPTA (Winner)
  3. Quick but steady wins the race. - D. Revanth Chandra
  4. Quick but steady wins the race. - Twinkle

  1. Character of an institution is reflected in its leader. - ADITYA KUMAR RAI
  2. Character of an institution is reflected in its leader. - Satarupa Mukherjee
  3. Character of an institution is reflected in its leader. - Shailendra Chauhan
  4. Character of an institution is reflected in its leader. - Neda Fatima (Winner)
  5. Character of an institution is reflected in its leader. - Aditi Subhash Dhale
  6. Character of an institution is reflected in its leader. - Nithin V Rajan

  1. Education without values, is useful or a complete waste. - Abraham Johnson Anchaniyil
  2. Education without values, is useful or a complete waste. - M.B.Suvarchala
  3. Education without values, is useful or a complete waste. - Robin Lambora
  4. Education without values, is useful or a complete waste. - ATHIRA.B.ANIL
  5. Education without values, is useful or a complete waste. - Jayant Joshi
  6. Education without values, is useful or a complete waste. - Jnandeep Bora
  7. Education without values, is useful or a complete waste. - Swadha Tripathi
  8. Education without values, is useful or a complete waste. - Priyansh Verma
  9. Education without values, is useful or a complete waste. - Saranya P.S. (Winner)
  10. Education without values, is useful or a complete waste. - Raghuram Bachu
  11. Education without values, is useful or a complete waste. - Puja Kakati
  12. Education without values, is useful or a complete waste. - Sukhomay Chatterjee

Essay Topics: July - 2016

  1. Northeast needs special attention from rest of India, if so why? - Satarupa Mukherjee (Winner)
  2. Northeast needs special attention from rest of India, if so why? - Abhishek Kumar Ranjan
  3. Northeast needs special attention from rest of India, if so why? - DEBADRI SOM
  4. Northeast needs special attention from rest of India, if so why? - KUMAR GAURAV
  5. Northeast needs special attention from rest of India, if so why? - Raghuram Raju Bachu
  6. Northeast needs special attention from rest of India, if so why? - Swadha Tripathi
  7. Northeast needs special attention from rest of India, if so why? - Robin Lambora
  8. Northeast needs special attention from rest of India, if so why? - RAHUL UPADHYAY
  9. Northeast needs special attention from rest of India, if so why? - Shailendra Chauhan
  10. Northeast needs special attention from rest of India, if so why? - JNANDEEP BORA
  11. Northeast needs special attention from rest of India, if so why? - G. Madhavi Ratnam

  1. Maritime terror a major threat to India than land security - Discuss - SOYEL ROY (Winner)
  2. Maritime terror a major threat to India than land security - Discuss - Kriti Bhatt

  1. Are you in favour or against more nuclear plants to generate energy in India - Khushboo Monga (Winner)
  2. Are you in favour or against more nuclear plants to generate energy in India - Sukhomay Chatterjee
  3. Are you in favour or against more nuclear plants to generate energy in India - Aditya Kumar Rai

Essay Topics: June - 2016

  1. Write short notes following agricultural schemes initiated by PM Modi's government -PUSHKAR DANGI
  2. Write short notes following agricultural schemes initiated by PM Modi's government-Rudresh Bodwal (Winner)

  1. Will this time monsoon bring cheer to the farmers, will it help in stopping their suicide? -Ashima Mittal
  2. Will this time monsoon bring cheer to the farmers, will it help in stopping their suicide? -Rajesh Chalke(Winner)

  1. What are the remedies to handle water scarcity and to avoid draught situation in the country? -Aparna Tiwari
  2. What are the remedies to handle water scarcity and to avoid draught situation in the country? -Deep Chandra Chaurasiya
  3. What are the remedies to handle water scarcity and to avoid draught situation in the country? -SRINIVAS VADADA
  4. What are the remedies to handle water scarcity and to avoid draught situation in the country? -JNANDEEP BORA
  5. What are the remedies to handle water scarcity and to avoid draught situation in the country? -Paramita Mazumder
  6. What are the remedies to handle water scarcity and to avoid draught situation in the country? -Sukhomay Chatterjee
  7. What are the remedies to handle water scarcity and to avoid draught situation in the country? -Suhasini Gupta(Winner)

  1. Attack on African students, rape of foreigners, are such incidents denting India's image abroad- Comment -Aparajita Guria (Winner)
  2. Attack on African students, rape of foreigners, are such incidents denting India's image abroad- Comment -SHASHI KANT
  3. Attack on African students, rape of foreigners, are such incidents denting India's image abroad- Comment -Shailendra Chauhan

Essay Topics: May - 2016

  1. Analyse Elections in Four states, will it impact national politics? -Aparna Tiwari(Winner)

  1. List BRICKS achievements and failures and India's role in BRICS -DHEERAJ SINGH
  2. List BRICKS achievements and failures and India's role in BRICS -Sanyog Varshney
  3. List BRICKS achievements and failures and India's role in BRICS -SHREYA ANURAKTI(Winner)
  4. List BRICKS achievements and failures and India's role in BRICS -Neda Fatima

  1. Analyse different schemes started under PM Modi - Will they achieve the target? -ARUSHI AIRAN
  2. Analyse different schemes started under PM Modi - Will they achieve the target? -Aayushi Shukla(Winner)
  3. Analyse different schemes started under PM Modi - Will they achieve the target? -Saranya M

  1. Bihar Liquor Ban - Is Prohibition the solution to kick the bottle? -POOJA GUPTA
  2. Bihar Liquor Ban - Is Prohibition the solution to kick the bottle? -Abhishek Kumar Ranjan(Winner)
  3. Bihar Liquor Ban - Is Prohibition the solution to kick the bottle? -Rudresh Bodwal
  4. Bihar Liquor Ban - Is Prohibition the solution to kick the bottle? -Kriti Bhatt

Essay Topics: April - 2016

  1. How digitisation is strengthening Indian democracy -Sai Deepthi
  2. How digitisation is strengthening Indian democracy -Dipti Sinha(Winner)
  3. How digitisation is strengthening Indian democracy - G KEERTHI PRIYA

  1. 100 percent FDI in E commerce - what it means to retail business? -Siva Gopal Reddy(Winner)
  2. 100 percent FDI in E commerce - what it means to retail business? -Rudresh Bodwal
  3. 100 percent FDI in E commerce - what it means to retail business? -Mrinal Malakar

  1. Which to prefer Freedom of expression or Nationalism & Why -DHEERAJ SINGH
  2. Which to prefer Freedom of expression or Nationalism & Why -Poulami Banerjee
  3. Which to prefer Freedom of expression or Nationalism & Why -Aparna Tiwari
  4. Which to prefer Freedom of expression or Nationalism & Why -GUPTA POOJA NANDLAL SAVITRI
  5. Which to prefer Freedom of expression or Nationalism & Why -S.PRASATH
  6. Which to prefer Freedom of expression or Nationalism & Why -JNANDEEP BORA
  7. Which to prefer Freedom of expression or Nationalism & Why -Neda Fatima(Winner)
  8. Which to prefer Freedom of expression or Nationalism & Why -Nikita Thatai
  9. Which to prefer Freedom of expression or Nationalism & Why -GURUPRAKASH

  1. Which is bigger evil - Corporate corruption or Civil Corruption-RITWIK MEHTA
  2. Which is bigger evil - Corporate corruption or Civil Corruption-Raj Bharath
  3. Which is bigger evil - Corporate corruption or Civil Corruption-G GIRIJA PRIYA(Winner)

Essay Topics: March - 2016

  1. Discuss the Pros and Cons of the Union Budget 2016 -DHEERAJ SINGH
  2. Discuss the Pros and Cons of the Union Budget 2016 -JNANDEEP BORA(Winner)
  3. Discuss the Pros and Cons of the Union Budget 2016 -Aparna Tiwari
  4. Discuss the Pros and Cons of the Union Budget 2016 -GUPTA POOJA NANDLAL

  1. JNU Row has opened up the debate on freedom of expression verses nationalism-Comment-Abhishek Kumar Ranjan
  2. JNU Row has opened up the debate on freedom of expression verses nationalism-Comment-Neda Fatima(Winner)
  3. JNU Row has opened up the debate on freedom of expression verses nationalism-Comment-Jayasri Selvakumar
  4. JNU Row has opened up the debate on freedom of expression verses nationalism-Comment-ABHINAB BORUAH
  5. JNU Row has opened up the debate on freedom of expression verses nationalism-Comment-KUMARI PRIYA RANI
  6. JNU Row has opened up the debate on freedom of expression verses nationalism-Comment-Ankush Yadav
  7. JNU Row has opened up the debate on freedom of expression verses nationalism-Comment-SOMA SARKAR

Essay Topics: February - 2016

  1. After 67 years of Republic, what India has achieved and yet to achieve-Enumerate -Rahul Upadhyay
  2. After 67 years of Republic, what India has achieved and yet to achieve-Enumerate -Paramita Mazumdar(Winner)
  3. After 67 years of Republic, what India has achieved and yet to achieve-Enumerate -S.Durgadevi
  4. After 67 years of Republic, what India has achieved and yet to achieve-Enumerate -Debtanu Roy

  1. Youth Suicide case has stirred Dalit politics in University campus-Comment -Bharti Garg (Winner)
  2. Youth Suicide case has stirred Dalit politics in University campus-Comment -Poulami Banerjee

  1. Further Opening up Indian Economy Will Be Beneficial or Detrimental Give Opinion-Payal Mittal (Winner)

  1. Suggest measures to make Ganga Action plan successful-NEHA SONI (Winner)

Essay Topics: January- 2016


  1. A transformational India needs to overhaul its education system- Comment - Prashant Kumar Shekhar
  2. A transformational India needs to overhaul its education system- Comment - Twinkle Singh
  3. A transformational India needs to overhaul its education system- Comment - Payal Mittal
  4. A transformational India needs to overhaul its education system- Comment - Swaswati Goswami
  5. A transformational India needs to overhaul its education system- Comment - Rubbayya. K Mohammed (Winner)

  1. India Pakistan peace process, hype or realism- C Sunil Kumar (Winner)
  2. India Pakistan peace process, hype or realism- Abhinab Boruah
  3. India Pakistan peace process, hype or realism- Rahul Upadhyay

  1. Make in India- vs Incredible India - Compare -Harika Kuncha (Winner)
  2. Make in India- vs Incredible India - Compare -Abhishek Kumar Ranjan
  3. Make in India- vs Incredible India - Compare -Puja Rani
  4. Make in India- vs Incredible India - Compare -Sanyog varshney
  5. Make in India- vs Incredible India - Compare -Ayush Garg
  6. Make in India- vs Incredible India - Compare -Keshav Raghav
  7. Make in India- vs Incredible India - Compare -Irishna Solanki

  1. Soaring pollution, crippling floods, India's environment in a fix - comment -S.Durgadevi
  2. Soaring pollution, crippling floods, India's environment in a fix - comment -Merin Selvi Nelson (Winner)

Essay Topics: December- 2015

  1. Achievements and Failures of Climate Change Conference at Paris -A Mahesh
  2. Achievements and Failures of Climate Change Conference at Paris -Dipanjan Dutta (Winner)

  1. Reasons for Chennai rains and future preparedness -Payal Mittal (Winner)
  2. Reasons for Chennai rains and future preparedness -Ranjith kumar
  3. Reasons for Chennai rains and future preparedness -S.Durgadevi

  1. Amir Khan and Intolerance Debate in India -Nikita Vij
  2. Amir Khan and Intolerance Debate in India -Shivraj Shahaji Dongare
  3. Amir Khan and Intolerance Debate in India -Neha Pal (Winner)

  1. Beef Politics – Cheap Protein Verses Religious Sentiments. -Soma Sarkar
  2. Beef Politics – Cheap Protein Verses Religious Sentiments. -Shailesh Shinde
  3. Beef Politics – Cheap Protein Verses Religious Sentiments. -Sri Harshith Rajam (Winner)

Essay Topics: November- 2015 (last date: November 30)

  1. Carbohydrates vs Proteins, Discuss -Dhara Vaghela (Winner)
  2. Carbohydrates vs Proteins, Discuss -Ranjith kumar

  1. With 2G and 3G, now India is Heading towards 4G, Discuss Pros and Cons. -Abhishek Dhiman (Winner)
  2. With 2G and 3G, now India is Heading towards 4G, Discuss Pros and Cons. -Rudresh Bodwal

  1. Caste System in India, Discuss -Abhishek Kumar
  2. Caste System in India, Discuss -Vaishnavi-Arora
  3. Caste System in India, Discuss -Manjinder Singh (Winner)

  1. Being Vegetarian or Non-Vegetarian, Comment. -Shivraj Shahaji Dongare (Winner)
  2. Being Vegetarian or Non-Vegetarian, Comment. -Abraham Johnson Anchaniyil

Essay Topics: October- 2015

  1. Pubs and Discos, are they any good for the youth? Comment
  2. Coaching Classes, should be allowed only in school premises? Discuss
  3. Digital India or Green India, Discuss
  4. Organ Donation, are we doing enough to spread enough awareness? Comment
  1. Pubs and Discos, are they any good for the youth? Comment -AAKANKSHA SEKHON (Winner)
  2. Pubs and Discos, are they any good for the youth? Comment -Sachin Godbole
  3. Pubs and Discos, are they any good for the youth? Comment -HIMANSHU YADAV
  4. Pubs and Discos, are they any good for the youth? Comment -Pooja Gupta
  5. Pubs and Discos, are they any good for the youth? Comment -Meghna Nimbekar
  6. Pubs and Discos, are they any good for the youth? Comment -Lalit Kishore

  1. Coaching Classes, should be allowed only in school premises? Discuss -Jnandeep Bora (Winner)
  2. Coaching Classes, should be allowed only in school premises? Discuss -Neha Pal
  3. Coaching Classes, should be allowed only in school premises? Discuss -Rajwinder Kaur
  4. Coaching Classes, should be allowed only in school premises? Discuss -Deepika Phutela
  5. Coaching Classes, should be allowed only in school premises? Discuss -Shivraj Shahaji Dongare

  1. Digital India or Green India, Discuss -Payal Mittal
  2. Digital India or Green India, Discuss -M.Divyabharathi
  3. Digital India or Green India, Discuss -Rudresh Bodwal
  4. Digital India or Green India, Discuss -Supriya Saraswat
  5. Digital India or Green India, Discuss -Vimi Mihu
  6. Digital India or Green India, Discuss -Vishnu Mohan
  7. Digital India or Green India, Discuss -Ms. Chaichi Devi
  8. Digital India or Green India, Discuss -K.Charan Kumar
  9. Digital India or Green India, Discuss -Navneet Kumar
  10. Digital India or Green India, Discuss -Nithin Rajan (Winner)

  1. Organ Donation, are we doing enough to spread enough awareness? Comment -D. Rajesh
  2. Organ Donation, are we doing enough to spread enough awareness? Comment -Nishant Kumar
  3. Organ Donation, are we doing enough to spread enough awareness? Comment -Santosh Prakash
  4. Organ Donation, are we doing enough to spread enough awareness? Comment -Subhaashree.S (Winner)

Essay Topics: September - 2015

  1. Role of Sensex with respect to Food Inflation, Discuss-Raviraj Ghanvat
  2. Role of Sensex with respect to Food Inflation, Discuss-Dwarakanadha Reddy
  3. Role of Sensex with respect to Food Inflation, Discuss-Nikhil
  4. Role of Sensex with respect to Food Inflation, Discuss-S. HarshaVarthan (Winner)

  1. Pocket Money, Should Parents develop this habit at the tender age?-Bharat
  2. Pocket Money, Should Parents develop this habit at the tender age?-Hiral D. Myatra
  3. Pocket Money, Should Parents develop this habit at the tender age?-Jnandeep Bora
  4. Pocket Money, Should Parents develop this habit at the tender age?-Aditya Parameswaran
  5. Pocket Money, Should Parents develop this habit at the tender age?-Suchita Marathe
  6. Pocket Money, Should Parents develop this habit at the tender age?-Sayantika Banerjee (Winner)
  7. Pocket Money, Should Parents develop this habit at the tender age?-Vimi Mihu
  8. Pocket Money, Should Parents develop this habit at the tender age?-Bipasha Malakar
  9. Pocket Money, Should Parents develop this habit at the tender age?-Pari Acharya
  10. Pocket Money, Should Parents develop this habit at the tender age?-Sneha G Bhat
  11. Pocket Money, Should Parents develop this habit at the tender age?-Sudhanshu Bhandari
  12. Pocket Money, Should Parents develop this habit at the tender age?-Soumi Das
  13. Pocket Money, Should Parents develop this habit at the tender age?-Tanumoy Mondal

  1. Should the Government's New Schemes be named in Hindi Only?-Narasimharao Pulibandla
  2. Should the Government's New Schemes be named in Hindi Only?-Durgesh Vijay Bhende
  3. Should the Government's New Schemes be named in Hindi Only?-Sachin Yadav
  4. Should the Government's New Schemes be named in Hindi Only?-Shiva Gupta
  5. Should the Government's New Schemes be named in Hindi Only?-Vijayavani. C
  6. Should the Government's New Schemes be named in Hindi Only?-Suman Kumar
  7. Should the Government's New Schemes be named in Hindi Only?-Kartik Patel (Winner)

  1. Allopathy Vs Homeopathy, Discuss-Padma Bandaru
  2. Allopathy Vs Homeopathy, Discuss-Santosh Prakash (Winner)
  3. Allopathy Vs Homeopathy, Discuss-Shrija Kumari
  4. Allopathy Vs Homeopathy, Discuss-Jayapriya

Essay Topics: August - 2015

  1. Indian Judicial System, can the poor expect fair Judgement?-Dimple Pal
  2. Indian Judicial System, can the poor expect fair Judgement?-Sameera Salim
  3. Indian Judicial System, can the poor expect fair Judgement?-Durgesh Vijay Bhende
  4. Indian Judicial System, can the poor expect fair Judgement?-Aneesha Resham
  5. Indian Judicial System, can the poor expect fair Judgement?-S.Jayasri
  6. Indian Judicial System, can the poor expect fair Judgement?-Gunjan Chandel
  7. Indian Judicial System, can the poor expect fair Judgement?-Santosh P. Rav (Winner)
  8. Indian Judicial System, can the poor expect fair Judgement?-Rouf Raza Dar
  9. Indian Judicial System, can the poor expect fair Judgement?-S. Harsha Varthan
  10. Indian Judicial System, can the poor expect fair Judgement?-Lalit Kishore
  11. Indian Judicial System, can the poor expect fair Judgement?-Babita Palta

  1. Impact of the Internet on our Daily Life, Pros and Cons.-Bhanu Pratap
  2. Impact of the Internet on our Daily Life, Pros and Cons.-Akshay Modi
  3. Impact of the Internet on our Daily Life, Pros and Cons.-Sanya Dhoundiyal
  4. Impact of the Internet on our Daily Life, Pros and Cons.-Anuj Mehta
  5. Impact of the Internet on our Daily Life, Pros and Cons.-Divya Aggarwal
  6. Impact of the Internet on our Daily Life, Pros and Cons.-Sachin Yadav
  7. Impact of the Internet on our Daily Life, Pros and Cons.-Shrija Kumari
  8. Impact of the Internet on our Daily Life, Pros and Cons.-Vasundhra Sen Jaswal (Winner)
  9. Impact of the Internet on our Daily Life, Pros and Cons.-Yogitha Sankla
  10. Impact of the Internet on our Daily Life, Pros and Cons.-Ankush Sharma

  1. Biographical Films being made on popular personalities including victims, comment.- Suhrudwamsi Musunuri
  2. Biographical Films being made on popular personalities including victims, comment.- Amit Adhikari
  3. Biographical Films being made on popular personalities including victims, comment.- Jaideep Singh (Winner)

  1. Moral and Ethics in everyday life.- Abraham Johnson Anchaniyil
  2. Morals and Ethics in Everyday Life.- Sree Kavya Vallabhaneni
  3. Morals and Ethics in Everyday Life.- Rajashree Ravindra Bhirud
  4. Morals and Ethics in Everyday Life.-Raghuram Raju Bachu
  5. Morals and Ethics in Everyday Life.-Nitin Thakur (Winner)
  6. Morals and Ethics in Everyday Life.-Syed Abbas

Essay Topics: July - 2015 (last date: July 31)

  1. G7 Summit 2015, India's Role-Sanyog Varshney
  2. G7 Summit 2015, India's Role-Ajeet Singh
  3. G7 Summit 2015, India's Role-Rouf Raza Dar (Winner)
  4. G7 Summit 2015, India's Role-Santosh Prakash

  1. Trial by Media, Is it fair?-Sanyog Varshney
  2. Trial by Media, Is it fair?-Manasi Gupta
  3. Trial by Media, Is it fair?-Bhishm Khanna (Winner)
  4. Trial by Media, Is it fair?-Javid Hassan
  5. Trial by Media, Is it fair?-Ruqeya Afshan
  6. Trial by Media, Is it fair?-Akash Kumar
  7. Trial by Media, Is it fair?-Suhrudwamsi Musunuri
  8. Trial by Media, Is it fair?-Abhilasha Singh

  1. The School Bag gets heavier, are we planting the seeds to a stressful society?-Arushi Arora
  2. The School Bag gets heavier, are we planting the seeds to a stressful society?-Bhabesh Kumar choudhury
  3. The School Bag gets heavier, are we planting the seeds to a stressful society?-Reeva Mishra
  4. The School Bag gets heavier, are we planting the seeds to a stressful society?-Babita Palta
  5. The School Bag gets heavier, are we planting the seeds to a stressful society?-Akash Banerjee
  6. The School Bag gets heavier, are we planting the seeds to a stressful society?-Kartik Patel
  7. The School Bag gets heavier, are we planting the seeds to a stressful society?-Nikita Rathi (Winner)
  8. The School Bag gets heavier, are we planting the seeds to a stressful society?-Saikrishna Repalli
  9. The School Bag gets heavier, are we planting the seeds to a stressful society?-Nitin Thakur

  1. RBI's Strategic Debt Restructuring Scheme (SDR), Discuss-Monali Mishra
  2. RBI's Strategic Debt Restructuring Scheme (SDR), Discuss-Laxmi Prasad (Winner)

Essay Topics: June - 2015

  1. Role of National Tiger Conservation Authority, Discuss.-S. Paul
  2. Role of National Tiger Conservation Authority, Discuss.-Rishi Ranjan Singh
  3. Role of National Tiger Conservation Authority, Discuss.-K.Yuvasri
  4. Role of National Tiger Conservation Authority, Discuss.-Sanyog Vashney
  5. Role of National Tiger Conservation Authority, Discuss.-Tanumoy Mondal
  6. Role of National Tiger Conservation Authority, Discuss.-Monali Mishra
  7. Role of National Tiger Conservation Authority, Discuss.-Amresh Chandra Jena
  8. Role of National Tiger Conservation Authority, Discuss.-Lokesh P (Winner)

  1. Minimum Alternate Tax(MAT) Issue on Foreign Institutional Investors (FIIs), Comment.-Payal Mittal (Winner)

  1. Gold Monetization Scheme (GMS), Discuss.-Laxmi Prasad
  2. Gold Monetization Scheme (GMS), Discuss.-Mallika Verma
  3. Gold Monetization Scheme (GMS), Discuss.-Ruqeya Afshan
  4. Gold Monetization Scheme (GMS), Discuss.-Akarsh Misra
  5. Gold Monetization Scheme (GMS), Discuss.-Kumar B (Winner)
  6. Gold Monetization Scheme (GMS), Discuss.-Prateek Kumar
  7. Gold Monetization Scheme (GMS), Discuss.-Mallika Verma
  8. Gold Monetization Scheme (GMS), Discuss.-Ashish Anand
  9. Gold Monetization Scheme (GMS), Discuss.-Ekta Awasthi
  10. Gold Monetization Scheme (GMS), Discuss.-Babita Palta

  1. Is the youth of India swayed by the use of social media in politics.-Roshni Rajpal
  2. Is the youth of India swayed by the use of social media in politics.-Sai Jigyasa Roy
  3. Is the youth of India swayed by the use of social media in politics.-Rouf Raza Dar
  4. Is the youth of India swayed by the use of social media in politics.-K.B.D.Sridevi
  5. Is the youth of India swayed by the use of social media in politics.-Anirudh Jangu
  6. Is the youth of India swayed by the use of social media in politics.-Javid Hassan
  7. Is the youth of India swayed by the use of social media in politics.-Priyashree Srikanth
  8. Is the youth of India swayed by the use of social media in politics.-Ayushi Srivastava
  9. Is the youth of India swayed by the use of social media in politics.-Rajendraprasad Medepalli
  10. Is the youth of India swayed by the use of social media in politics.-Praveen Joshi
  11. Is the youth of India swayed by the use of social media in politics.-Praveen Joshi
  12. Is the youth of India swayed by the use of social media in politics.-Kamran
  13. Is the youth of India swayed by the use of social media in politics.-Imrana Ataur Rahman
  14. Is the youth of India swayed by the use of social media in politics.-Atishay Jain (Winner)
  15. Is the youth of India swayed by the use of social media in politics.-Arushi Arora

Essay Topics: May - 2015

  1. Government's 100,000 - MV Solar Energy Plan, Discuss-Javid Hassan
  2. Government's 100,000 - MV Solar Energy Plan, Discuss-Shweta Iyer
  3. Government's 100,000 - MV Solar Energy Plan, Discuss-Abhishek Kumar (Winner)
  4. Government's 100,000 - MV Solar Energy Plan, Discuss-Prasanth Ganivada

  1. China's refusal to aid Nepal due to Indian Military Presence in Nepal, is it justified? -Prasad Bagauli
  2. China's refusal to aid Nepal due to Indian Military Presence in Nepal, is it justified? -Tanumoy Mondal (Winner)

  1. Global E-Waste Monitor Report -C.Siva Gopal Reddy
  2. Global E-Waste Monitor Report -K.Yuvasri
  3. Global E-Waste Monitor Report -Smriti Pranjal
  4. Global E-Waste Monitor Report -Rajendraprasad Medepalli (Winner)

Essay Topics: April - 2015

  1. Water Crisis and the Monsoon Factor in India, Discuss the necessary measures.-Harsh Bhardwaj
  2. Water Crisis and the Monsoon Factor in India, Discuss the necessary measures.-Kaushik Sen
  3. Water Crisis and the Monsoon Factor in India, Discuss the necessary measures.-Javid Hassan
  4. Water Crisis and the Monsoon Factor in India, Discuss the necessary measures.-Mohammad Uzair (Winner)
  5. Water Crisis and the Monsoon Factor in India, Discuss the necessary measures.-Jnandeep Bora
  6. Water Crisis and the Monsoon Factor in India, Discuss the necessary measures.-Sumisha Sharma

  1. Agricultural Techniques in India and the condition of farmers, Comment.-Snehal Adekar
  2. Agricultural Techniques in India and the condition of farmers, Comment.-R. Suresh Verma
  3. Agricultural Techniques in India and the condition of farmers, Comment.-Vaishnavi Retharekar (Winner)
  4. Agricultural Techniques in India and the condition of farmers, Comment.-Gautam Kumar Jha
  5. Agricultural Techniques in India and the condition of farmers, Comment.-Nishant Gaurav
  6. Agricultural Techniques in India and the condition of farmers, Comment.-R. Gokulnath
  7. Agricultural Techniques in India and the condition of farmers, Comment.-Abhisekh Sahu

  1. Land Acquisition Bill: Discuss the Pros and Cons.-Bunny P
  2. Land Acquisition Bill: Discuss the Pros and Cons.-Ruha Latif Ruha
  3. Land Acquisition Bill: Discuss the Pros and Cons.-Rajendraprasad Medepalli
  4. Land Acquisition Bill: Discuss the Pros and Cons.-Aditya Narayan Srivastav
  5. Land Acquisition Bill: Discuss the Pros and Cons.-Sreelakshmi.K
  6. Land Acquisition Bill: Discuss the Pros and Cons.-Tanumoy Mondal
  7. Land Acquisition Bill: Discuss the Pros and Cons.-Rachana Gupta (Winner)

Essay Topics: March - 2015


  1. Kasturirangan Panel Report on Western Ghats , Discuss-Arushi Agarwal
  2. Kasturirangan Panel Report on Western Ghats , Discuss-Vinay Mawandia
  3. Kasturirangan Panel Report on Western Ghats , Discuss-Sumit Kumar Kawde
  4. Kasturirangan Panel Report on Western Ghats , Discuss-Pallabi Chakraborty
  5. Kasturirangan Panel Report on Western Ghats , Discuss-Arun Kumar Nayak
  6. Kasturirangan Panel Report on Western Ghats , Discuss-Ashish Rawat
  7. Kasturirangan Panel Report on Western Ghats , Discuss-Abhisekh Sahu (Winner)
  8. Kasturirangan Panel Report on Western Ghats , Discuss-Santosh Kamble

  1. India and USA Relationship on Smart Cities, Comment-G.V.D.S Krishna Sai
  2. India and USA Relationship on Smart Cities, Comment-Rajendraprasad Medepalli
  3. India and USA Relationship on Smart Cities, Comment-Aakanksha Sekhon
  4. India and USA Relationship on Smart Cities, Comment-Zenith Sahai
  5. India and USA Relationship on Smart Cities, Comment-Padma Bandaru
  6. India and USA Relationship on Smart Cities, Comment-Kumari Priya Rani
  7. India and USA Relationship on Smart Cities, Comment-Rahul Kumar
  8. India and USA Relationship on Smart Cities, Comment-Sukhlal Rana
  9. India and USA Relationship on Smart Cities, Comment-Anwesha Banerjee
  10. India and USA Relationship on Smart Cities, Comment-Piyush Malviya (Winner)
  11. India and USA Relationship on Smart Cities, Comment-Harsh Bhardwaj
  12. India and USA Relationship on Smart Cities, Comment-M S R Prasanth

Ritu Raj made into Indian Administrative Service (IAS) this year with All-India Rank 69 in UPSC Civil Services Exam. He had shared one of his essays he wrote in October 2014 – during his UPSC preparation days – for the readers of clearias.com. We are sure that this write-up can help lot of aspirants not only in essay writing, but also in General Studies papers. Clear IAS, on behalf of our readers, congratulate Ritu Raj for his exceptional performance in UPSC CSE 2014. We wish you all the best and a successful career!

Essay topic: How can the new government make India a global manufacturing hub?

Introduction:

The first PM of India had referred the Industries of India as “temples of modern democracy” and it can hardly be refuted today. The industries of India were one of the major entities to protect the democracy of India, to check the growth of Neo-Imperialism that pervaded through the cold war and thereby helped sustain the economy and civil libertarian democracy which was left devastated and exploited at the dawn of independence.

The nature of growth of industries has seen transformation with the changing global scenario and domestic conditions traversing from a centralised economy to now a neo-liberal free trade economy.

Today, India boasts of 3rd rank in world in GDP in PPP terms even ahead of Japan, a heavily industrialised nation and indeed the accolades has to be given to the economic growth and development  brought through our industries which otherwise would not have been possible.

However, there stands in front of us our dreams – a dream to make India a prosperous and vibrant country. A dream to reduce the gross inequality that exists today and dis-empowerment that exists today traversing  region, gender & economy. A dream to bring sustainable and inclusive growth and a dream to make India a global superpower and feel proud of our nation.

This dream forces us to introspect the past failures and reinvigorate our actions and policies that not only make India a GLOBAL MANUFACTURING HUB but also a Nation of Our dreams as envisaged in the Preamble of our constitution.

In this essay, we shall see a brief evolution of the growth of industries in India and the present scenario. We shall then go through the various problems that hinder the growth of India as a manufacturing nation. We shall analyse how certain policy measures have affected the right policy climate and confidence of the private sector which has curtailed  investments from both foreign and domestic avenues. We shall then suggest reforms and steps that needs to be brought in  to bring the right policy climate which is stable, predictable, enabling and irreversible and not only boosts investments in India but make India a favourable business venture  while also keeping in light of the fact that India is still a developing nation and the interests of the Nation has still to be protected in era of globalisation and free market economy.

Evolution of Industries in India

1900- 1950:

The Indigenous Industrial growth in India was in contestation with the British on-going Financial Capitalism. Thus the growth was highly resource starved, with lack of Indian heavy industries and dependency on foreign imports. It checked the growth of Indian ancillary industries bringing huge unemployment and regional imbalance.

The backwardness and dependency of Indian private industries was precisely the reason when in the BOMBAY PLAN-1946 , the industrial class accepted a State-Controlled mixed economy over private led in-order to boost rapid industrialisation  and also to pre-empt socialism by combining equity with growth.

1950-1990:

The Industrial Policy of 1956 had highlighted the need for a mixed economy and the need for heavy industries. The Nehru-Mahalanobis model of growth  boosted the growth of heavy enterprises in India and India witnessed the growth of steel plants, huge dams, manufacturing units – automobiles, ports, airports etc. which was slowly but steadily transforming India.

However the prolonged continuation of Import-substitution-Industrialisation model, the growing ICOR(incremental capital output ratio) of industries in mid-1980s and the failure to make a timely shift to a liberalised economy which was rightly tapped by the south-east Asian nations, culminated in the economic crisis of 1991 and forced institutional changes in the economy that brought in liberalisation, privatisation and globalisation of the Indian economy.

The Present:

The situation of the economy as it exists today is that it stands on solid grounds with lots of positives to surge ahead.

POSITIVES:

India today is called as the Back-Office of the world with our IT sector dominating the world. There is huge skilled Labour resource and booming market for the world with the growing capacity of the people brought in through various enabling social legislations and the growth and development.

The proximity to both Africa and south-east Asia and strategic location of India in the Indian Ocean offers great business opportunity for the business community of the world. The growing partnerships and FTAs(free trade agreements) with ASEAN, SAARC provides added opportunity with the India’s growing interest in Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) — a grouping led by the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) and is expected to pitch in with $644 billion.

There are more than 13 major ports and 200 small ports that can be effectively used as trans-shipment hub. The government today is much better prepared and motivated to boost investments in the country and it can be ascertained by the vigour that the government has displayed in the current budget-2014 that aims at resolving tax disputes, and bringing a stable policy climate for the industry.

The Forex-Reserve is more than $300 billion, the average growth in the 11th FYP was 7.9% even after facing two economic crisis. The CAD(current account deficit) was as low as 1.7% of GDP while FD has substantially reduced to around 4.1 %.

The inflation as is witnessed currently is below 5.9 of CPI which is historic low. The growing infrastructure like roads, electricity, transport, shipment etc have just transformed the economy which is huge as compared to India even of 1990’s.

These factors coupled with huge demographic dividend, huge availability of raw materials are the prerequisite and essential conditions for any country to be a manufacturing hub and is readily available in India.

NEGATIVES:

However there are lots of drawbacks that have hindered the actual realisation of the potential that India is capable of. This can be enumerated by the fact that despite  substantive liberalisation since last 6 months the economy has not really caught up.

The Economic Survey Report shows :

  • Substantial reduction in FII(financial institutional investors) in India in 2013. ($26,981 million to $4,822 million)
  • The ease of Business doing in India is 134/189 countries in world in 2014.
  • The statistics of the last year shows negative growth for mining sector (-1.4%) and manufacturing (-0.7%) in 2013.
  • GDP share of manufacturing is still 15%.
  • The Inflation was as high as 9% until recently.

This statistics do not augur well to drive investments and thereby boost manufacturing. It also brings forth the picture that there is no one factor inhibiting growth and investment and the situation requires a more detailed in depth understanding.

Let’s try to analyse the same one by one and recommend for changes.

ISSUES/BOTTLENECKS IN GROWTH AND MANUFACTURING

Institutional Drawbacks

  • Bureaucratic RED-TAPISM.
  • Over regulation and delays in procedural clearances of projects (ex. POSCO steel plant got its environmental clearance after 8 years to start construction in Odisha).
  • No single window clearances for projects- the NeGP(national e-governance plan is yet to catch up in all departments).
  • Various archaic legislations like LABOUR LAWS [Industrial disputes act ,1947; contract labour(regulation and abolition) Act,1970; trade Unions Act,1929) which has substantial repercussion on the efficiency of enterprises (only recently laws are being passed in Rajasthan after reform in labour laws)
  • Land acquisition is still de-motivating even after the LARRA, 2013(land acquisition resettlement and rehabilitation act) making the land even more costlier than before .
  • The FDI in India is still regulated in various sectors and comes with extreme safeguards. The FDI in MBR is classic example where India hardly received any investment despite making it 51%.
  • There has been increasing demand for full convertibility of rupee which calls for more FDI and better rates.
  • There is increasing number of regulatory bodies and control from plethora of organisation adding to the confusion and woes of investors. (SEBI, PFRDA, IRDA all work in financial sectors with interspersed jurisdiction).
  • The issue of RBI to contain inflation as well as maintain growth and investment is facing criticism from all sectors with demand for a separate DMO (debt management office).
  • The retrospective amendment of the Income Tax law,1961 in the Vodafone case has been one prime concern of business class and foreign investment seeking for a stable and clear policy guidelines (which are yet to be detailed in elaboration since the budget speech of FM).
  • Lack of clear policy guidelines with ambiguity in various sectors .
  • There is a lack of institutionalised mechanism of effective participation for policy making which includes the private sector as well as the civil society (it must be noted that USA has institutionalised lobbying to provide fair play to all concerned).

Infrastructural Bottlenecks

  • Unavailability of Roads especially in rural areas are hindering penetration of industry to rural sector.
  • Power is the major concern in India.

The Japanese delegation to India a week ago highlighted the need for power and infrastructure to motivate Japanese investment of committed $35 billion in india. It brings out the grim reality how investments are curtailed .

The software companies (Infosys) have started their own solar projects to meet their power needs, which is not possible for small start-ups.

  • The need for a cheap means of transport and swifter travel is long felt.
  • The National water ways are yet to be developed with only recently some action can be perceived. However the long gestation period involved in such projects is hardly motivating.
  • NUCLEAR LIABILITY LAW, 2011 of India has been well detested by the foreign market and despite of the waiver granted for nuclear trade, the projects related to nuclear power plants have not picked up .
  • The gas pricing policy though addresses but is yet to yield result.

Economic Bottlenecks

  • The investments and budget allocations have not grown in accordance with the demand for various sectors esp. MSME (medium, small and micro enterprises) which though is accountable for 60% of the industrial output.
  • Plan v/s Non-Plan expenditure classification has reduced focus on maintenance of infrastructure and facilities. (The former Chief Economic Advisor, Rangarajan has termed it to be the factor responsible for hospitals without doctors and schools without teachers—thereby affecting facilities and services affecting the human growth and capacity.)
  • The expenditure is increasingly tilted towards subsidies which is reducing the capacity of the government.
  • Fiscal consolidation and fiscal prudence not well adhered to with the FRBM act being tweaked whenever felt necessary.
  • There is also the growing challenge from the FED-TAPERING of the USA which is going to have substantial impacts on India.

International bottlenecks :

  • The growing pressure in different forums to open up the market and free trade as per WTO rules with a need still felt to protect the indigenous sectors.
  • The growing prowess of Chinese markets and products and the acceptance of the Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific (FTAAP) in the on-going APEC (Asia pacific economic co-operation) does not augur well for Indian products.
  • USA demand to include HFC (hydrofluro carbon) in the Montreal protocol need to be checked as lots of our industry is dependent on that product .

Environmental bottlenecks & Others:

  • The recent SC verdict to ban mining in Goa has led to the reduction in exports of iron ore
  • The increasing protests against protests by NGO some even vested ones(IB report on GREEN PEACE acting against the developmental interests of India) calls for a effective regulation of such vested interests.
  • The growing consensus on clean energy and reduction targets according to the KYOTO protocol and India’s dependency on fossil fuels can act as antithetical to growth of India.
  • There is a need to balance growth with sustainable development and it calls for distinct and clear policy guidelines which is acceptable to all and projects do not get stalled.
  • Corruption is a menace and need for more transparency
  • The growth of LWE(left wing extremism) in the eastern corridor has substantially deterred investment in the resource rich region of Jharkhand, Bihar , Odisha, West Bengal etc.

Suggestions to undo the bottlenecks and drive manufacturing :

  • The Manufacturing Policy of india, 2011 that aims to make the sectors GDP to 25%. It envisages to set up NIMZ (National Investment and Manufacturing Zone) which needs to be given fresh impetus. The growth of industrial Corridors like the DELHI-MUMBAI, CHENNAI-BENGALURU, MUMBAI-BENGALURU, needs to be prioritised and be developed with world class facilities and infrastructure and transport with enabling reforms like tax holidays, tax benefits etc that can spurt investments in these clusters and make it the industrial Hub of the Nation.
  • Digital India Programme has to be reinvigorated and has to be mandatorily introduced in all governmental departments. It should aim at making online filing of projects, tracking and monitoring of clearances. Aim to bring transparency in the system and reduce bureaucratic red-tape and procedural delays. Aim to make single window clearances for all projects including in the state government.
  • Try to rationalise regulation by curbing the number of regulators and check victimisation of industrialists. Efforts should be brought in all sectors. The recommendations of the FSLRC(financial sector legislative reforms commission) should be implemented. It will separate the role of RBI and better inflation targeting and UFA (unified Financial Agency) will bring coherence in regulation in financial field to check discrepancy and all also not over-regulate things. It will enhance investors sentiments especially in the financial sector which can further boost investment and strengthen Forex.
  • MAKE IN INDIA campaign – which aims to boost foreign investment in India is in the right direction. It has set up dedicated committees to explain the policy, sort out ambiguity in laws, and faster clearances of projects. This programme needs more boost and effectively taken up in different forums like ASEAN, SAARC etc.
  • Ease of doing Business needs serious look at and normalised to yield effective results on the ground.
  • Needs-based holism (reorganizing government around distinct client groups)- along with combining the principle of subsidiarity(activity mapping) to be kept in mind while allocating business to ministries, departments and state agencies which will drive efficiency in file movement and management.
  • The Public Procurement Policy needs a revamp and should not bias towards PSUs and should create healthy platform for private sector to participate through transparent competition.
  • The Labour Reforms brought in forth by the government is a welcome change and is very well hailed by the business community. Incentives must be provided to the states to bring in such changes in their respective state laws as soon as possible. Desirable legislations can be already seen in Rajasthan.
  • FDI in various sectors need to come with more liberalised norms to facilitate investment.
  • The infrastructure sector especially Roads and power sector needs to be addressed immediately. Rationalising of the clauses of the Nuclear liability law can be done to boost nuclear energy.

The Gas pricing need to be more lucrative to drive investment to boost exploration .

JNNSM(Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar mission) has to be taken in a more dedicated manner and at a national scale that can reduce the prices of the solar panels and spurt demand and investment.

  • The various archaic laws need to be done away with. The Productivity Commission/committee to review old laws as envisaged in the budget-2014 to remove or replace old laws need to be proceed at faster pace.
  • There has to be effective grievance redressal system especially related to taxation cases. Vodafone case, Nokia case do not augur well for the economy and retrospective taxation should be completely avoided to build confidence in the economy.
  • Taxation related reforms need to be brought in fast. Efforts to bring GST (Goods and services taxes) act should be made faster. As envisaged it can boost tax collection and thereby the capacity of the government to fund more projects. It is like a FTA signed with the Indian states and can substantially reduce time and cost by reducing multiple check posts and tax barriers.
  • The rationalisation of plan and non-plan expenditure needs to be addressed while FRBM act needs to be well adhered to. Fiscal consolidation must be practised and it also calls for the rationalisation of the subsidies and its effective targeting.

Such steps will enhance the capacity of the government.

  • The DTC code bill and the provisions of the GAAR (general anti-avoidance rules) need to be factor in the concerns of the private sector before being introduced.
  • The various FTAs (free trade agreements) have added benefits for the nation. However cases of INVERTED DUTY STRUCTURE needs to be addressed before signing of FTAs.
  • Issue of human resource also needs to be addressed. The recent trend of brain-drain from India has to be checked by further investment in Research & Development and higher education facilities in India. It is critical for the development of new innovations and research and growth of technology and latest product which drive the world market. The recent controversy related to autonomy of IITs/IIMs should be done away with as fast as possible to fast track clarity in objective.
  • The Diplomatic efforts should be towards gaining more access to markets especially in areas where India has competence. Look East policy being replaced with ACT EAST has reinvigorated the sentiment of the private sector. The Use of strategic location can be effectively communicated to develop India into a trans-shipment hub for other nations especially to Africa and South-East Asia via India. The Use of Andaman & Nicobar to provide container facilities and shipments in a regulated manner should be carried out.
  • Electronics Policy of India, 2012 recently unveiled aims to establish GLOBAL ESDM(Engineering system design and manufacturing) in India of worth $400 billion. The Policy needs more clarity as to how such investments are to be brought in and should also offer incentives to industries to set up industries.
  • There is also a need to tap the vast labour resource present in the Eastern Sector of India. However incentives must be given to industries to set up their base. The Use of National Water High Way -1 from Allahabad to Haldia for providing cheap transport to the port for export can be extensively used to boost production and manufacturing.
  • Railways budget 2015 offers great opportunity to transform growth and manufacturing in India and should be pursued diligently.
  • There is also a need to boost credit facilities in India. Innovative methods to increase long-term investment in the manufacturing sector has to be explored while the monetary policy has to also factor in investors sentiments
  • Congruence between fiscal policy and the monetary policy is essential to drive investment and growth and boost manufacturing.
  • Finally the policy of boosting growth of the country through manufacturing should be carried in a manner which is sustainable manner and inclusive. It will keep driving the future prospect of the economy by creating the virtuous cycle of demand and supply.

FUTURE PROSPECTS:

World Bank Report of SOUTH ASIA ECONOMIC FOCUS REPORT, 2014 has highlighted fact that SOUTHASIA has the potential to become the “MANUFACTURING HUB” of the world especially when the East Asian Labour costs have increased and requires further competitive boosting.

It also highlighted that India will claim ALMOST 80% of the SOUTH ASIAN REGION OUTPUT.

The above report sums it all for the future prospects of India and the potential that it carries to be not only the “BACK-OFFICE” of the world  but also the “FACTORY OF THE WORLD” and claim it rightful place in the world economy.

Another report of World Bank in 2015 related to Urbanisation challenges the common notion that urbanisation leads to inequality rather stated that it provides more opportunity for lower class to move into upper class and thereby reduces inequality and is especially true for the SC/ST/OBCs. Thus manufacturing and urbanisation which are intertwined can lead to not only growth but also holistic development.

CONCLUSION:

The world is eagerly awaiting to witness the rise of the “ASIAN ELEPHANT” and it is time to prove them right. The vigour of the political class displayed by the new government to boost manufacturing and growth along with the favourable global conditions augurs extremely well for the rise of India. The favourable policy climate brought in by various legislations and the improving economy of USA and Europe has brought in new prospects for the Indian Manufacturing Industry.

IMF states India as a “bright spot” in a slow global economy.

However there is more to be done than said or spoken about. This favourable conditions has to be conditioned with the strengths of India which is its cheap labour, skilled resource and huge market coupled with dedicated and transparent administration. Good Governance has to be brought in through a networked approach of Government, private sector and the civil society that will facilitate and build trust and confidence essential with adequate checks and balances for any economy to grow and India is no exception.

It is only through dedicated and sustained efforts that India will attain “SWARAJ” in its true sense and be not only the global manufacturing hub but also the “light of the world”.

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